Pokemon, orPokémon, is actually a media franchise that is managed by the Pokemon Company, a consortium that comprises of three Japanese companies: Nintendo, Game Freak, and Creatures. This makes the Pokemon franchise copyright being shared by the three companies, but with Nintendo being the sole owner of the trademark. The name Pokemon is actually the shortened version for the original title Pocket Monsters.
This long term craze for the fictional creatures was first invented by Satoshi Tajiri in 1995. The whole Pokemon franchise mainly revolves around the titular fictional creatures and the humans which arecalled thePokemon trainers; the Pokemon trainerscatch and train the creatures to battle one another as a sport.
The main part of the Pokemon franchise has always been its role-playing video games that are only exclusivelyreleased on Nintendo's handheld consoles, from the Game Boy to the current Nintendo 3DS XL. Also, in a rather unique way, each generation of Pokemon video games are released in pairs, each one having a slight variation over the other. Over 279 million units of Pokemon games have been sold thus far, putting it as the second best-selling video game franchise (the first being Nintendo's Mario franchise).
The whole Pokemon craze started as a couple ofrole-playing video games (RPGs)that was developed by Game Freakfor the first original Nintendo Game Boy.The first two originalnames are aptly named Pocket Monsters Red and Pocket Monsters Green for the Game Boy in Japan. Many other media soon thereafter spawned from the video games, turning into various spin-offs, manga, anime, and even the trading card game.
The Pokemon franchise also has over 6 generations with 2016 onwards marking the seventh generation. Each generation of Pokemon updates the franchise as a whole by introducing new features and properties such as a new type of Pokemoncreatures and characters.
The latest iteration of Pokemon, as well as the latest catalyst for the restart of the Pokemon craze, is none other than game developer Niantic's instant hit Pokemon Gomobile application.This augmented reality mobile game has captured the hearts of many Pokemon fans once again – as well as creating new Pokemon fans.
Pokemon games have always been released exclusively for Nintendo handheld gaming consoles since its first released of Red and Green on the original Game Boy in 1996. Since then, all of the games released were typically in pairs for each generation and handheld game console, with enhanced and slightly derivativegames released under different names such as the director's cut for the first generation being called Yellow.
The Pokemon games on Nintendo's handheld consoles typically all play out in a very similar manner. This is most especially with the consistent way each game starts: The player is always able to choose one of three different Pokemon at the start of a game (Grass-type, Fire-type, or Water-type); this Pokemon is often called a "starter Pokemon". The first game gave players the three options of Bulbasaur, Charmander, and Squirtle. The only Pokemon game to not offer options is PokemonYellow, where the player has to start off with the Electric-type Pokemon mascot, Pikachu.
Throughout the game, the player trains their Pokemon to be more powerful to battle others and to win gym badges,while also capturing extra Pokemon and indexing them with the Pokedex. The Pokedex isan index of sorts (Pokemon and Index goes together to create Pokedex) that lets players fill up with details of the various Pokemonsthat can be found. Here are some Pokemon game titles:
- Pokemon X
- Pokemon Y
- Pokemon Black
- Pokemon White
- Pokemon Fire Red
- Pokemon Gold
The current craze with Pokemon takes shape in Niantic's augmented reality Pokemon Go mobile game. It is a free-to-play mobile game that is location-based. What makes Pokemon Go such an attractive game over the many other more traditional Pokemon games is how it lets people live the video game in real life! It is also more readily available to download on smartphones, rather than having to purchase another handheld device to play Pokemon.
As with the traditional video games on the consoles, Pokemon Go lets players literally walk around in real life to discover Pokemons and gyms that they can capture. Players will have to walk around a location until a Pokemon appears, which they then can capture by flicking an on-screen Pokeballto capture the virtual Pokemon.An interesting concept is that the geography of a location is taken into consideration when capturing Pokemon. For example, Water-type Pokemon is commonly found at locations which have or are nearby a body of water.