Tractors are hard-working, powerful machines that can be used for many serious farm tasks. Before you set out to purchase a tractor, it is essential to know precisely what tasks will you be performing with it. When it comes to getting a tractor, you want to take a closer look at its individual parts besides the tractor as a whole unit. Below is a brief introduction of the main parts of a tractor and their functions.
The engine is the heart of the tractor, providing the vehicle with power to carry out heavy work. Most tractors available today run on either gasoline or diesel fuel, with diesel engines usually offering more power than their gas counterparts. The strength of the engine is measured in horsepower; the higher the horsepower, the more powerful the engine. Hence, if you need a tractor to perform large-scale farming operations with a large piece of land that you need to cover, then you should get one with a high horsepower diesel engine as it can take on the biggest jobs with ease.
Besides the engine, the type of transmission is another key feature to consider as it will make a difference in the way you manoeuvre the tractor on your farm. There are typically three types of transmissions to choose from – standard, hydrostatic, and synchro-shift. Standard transmissions are reliable and offer solid performance for basic everyday farming applications.
Tractors with hydrostatic transmissions are easier to drive and increasing the speed of the vehicle is as simple as pushing harder on the foot pedals. Hence, hydrostatic transmissions are most useful to perform jobs in which you need to stop and start frequently.
On the contrary, tractors that are equipped with manual gear-driven transmissions, such as synchro-shift transmissions require operators to physically shift gears to change speeds by using a control stick. This type of transmission makes it easy to maintain a constant speed but they are not as simple to navigate as tractors with foot pedals.
For a tractor to be equipped with other attachments, it needs to have at least one type of hitch. The three-point hitch is the most useful as it comes with a hydraulic lift that enables you to raise and lower attached equipment. There are also specialized hitches for attachments such as front-end loaders and forklifts.
The tyres of a tractor are designed to provide increased amounts of traction so that the tractor can move easily on uneven and muddy terrains. The tyres are usually filled with air but you can also consider filling them up with heavier fluids such as automotive antifreeze as they will give more weight to the tyres and provide even better traction.